How to Train Your Dog to Become a Therapy Animal
What is a Therapy Dog? Is a Therapy Dog a Service Dog?
What are the requirements for a therapy dog? What is the therapy dog certification process?
I want to say that therapy dogs are born, not made but the truth is that a certified therapy dog will be a mix of both. First of all, they are required to be at least 1 year old. Dogs will be dealing with a variety of people – the elderly, mentally ill, incarcerated, young children, terminally ill, immune compromised, so the therapy dog organization has very high liability for the dogs they accept into their programs. Dogs need to be able to handle any new sights and sounds. Organizations conduct a series of evaluations to ensure that your dog will be a good fit.
Your dog’s natural temperament will be most important – therapy dogs can have absolutely no history of snapping at a human. None. Ever. End of story. Do they snap over resources like food? Do they growl at people in costumes? If a dog has ever snapped, there is no way to be sure they won’t do it again. The dogs need to be comfortable approaching new humans of every ethnicity, size, height, ect. They need to be ok with erratic movements and unpredictable human tendencies. Additionally, they need to be comfortable being touched, hugged, and prodded without losing their cool. Your dog should LOVE human interaction no matter who reaches out to them.
Temperament will be the most important evaluation factor but training is an additional component. Most programs require passing the 10 part Canine Good Citizen Test especially if the dog is planning to visit hospitals or schools. If your dog is able to successfully pass the CGC test, they’ll have mastered all the commands they need for therapy dog evaluations. This includes things like sit/stay, down/stay, loose leash walking, ignoring distractions, leave it ect.
How can my dog become a therapy dog?
We started by attending an orientation to learn more about the program. Specialized facilities require additional training once the pup is in the general program. We will be doing additional training for Calvin to be a part of the Reading Program (children who struggle with language will read to him).
Preliminary Evaluation for Therapy Dogs
Next, we went through a preliminary canine evaluation. This included a few parts:
Training Series/Additional Evaluations for therapy dogs
After we passed the preliminary evaluation, we started the training series, which included two more evaluations in a class setting with other dogs. The evaluators wanted to see the dogs a few times to make sure that their good behavior was consistent. They retested the preliminary evaluation, made sure the dogs could work around other dogs, tested reactions to loud sounds, and reaction to mobility equipment. The mobility equipment section included waving around canes, tapping crutches, and acting erratic.
Before being officially certified, you will practice out into the field with your dog and a mentor. They will help guide you through the visit and watch how your dog interacts with others. These visits happen after your pup has passed the evaluations.
You will also be required to go to a few visits without your pup to watch other teams in action. Ask all the questions to get a better idea of how visits work.
Therapy Dog Graduation
What is therapy dog testing? Are therapy animals certified?
How can I prepare my dog to become a therapy dog?
Loud noises, unfamiliar sights, a variety of surfaces
A therapy dog should be desensitized to any unfamiliar things they may see or hear. Luckily, you can prepare for this by making sure your pup is desensitized from an early age. You can prepare them by exposing them to costumes, hats, glasses, grates, tile, gravel, carpet ect so they will be familiar with things they may encounter on their visits. Desensitization will take time if your pup is wary, but can be successfully completed with patience. Repetition and positive reinforcement will help to desensitize.
Therapy dogs MUST be comfortable around mobility equipment and will be tested on this. This includes walkers, canes, wheelchairs, crutches as well as the movement that these will have. If an elderly man waves his cane in your dog’s face, how will the pup react? During testing, evaluators want to make sure the dog will happily come up to the evaluator even if they are using the equipment in a weird or crazy way. Borrow equipment from family and friends to practice familiarity with mobility equipment.
Your pup will need a strong leave it command to pass these evaluations. This is because food, pills, medical solutions will be all over the facilities you visit. Sometimes patients may try to feed things to your dog that could make them sick. Your pup needs to be able to reliably respond to your command to stay safe. Our organization tested leave it by walking towards Calvin (while he was off leash) and throwing a very high value treat towards him. He was required to ignore the treat via voice command and stay in control (i.e still focused on the human). Practice makes perfect – practice in a variety of contexts until your dog gets it. Can you recall your dog back to you without him snatching that treat?
A pup who cannot keep all 4 on the floor during exciting times will not pass the evaluation. If your pup is still young, help him out by tiring him before socializing with strangers. Jumping up can be a tough behavior to crack, especially since most of the times the dogs are just jumping because they are super friendly and would otherwise be the perfect therapy dogs! We have some info here about how we taught Calvin to stop jumping up on strangers.
Pups love to mouth – chances are that if you play rough with your dog they’ll bring out their teeth even when they are older. Even though this is generally harmless, if can be frightening to people who are not used to your dog. It’s important to make sure your dog learns that it is not socially acceptable to mouth while they are being pet or riled up. You can practice by riling your dog up and correcting them if they mouth at you to teach that teeth never belong on human skin even in a loving way.
Ignore/work around other dogs
Your dog should be able to coexist with other dogs – you’ll be with other dogs during training and potentially on some visits. If your dog isn’t able to ignore the other dogs, they will not be able to help the humans!
How can I make the therapy dog process better for my dog?
What was the hardest part of becoming a therapy dog?
Every dog is different and has different challenges. For Calvin, we weren’t worried about any of the obedience parts of the evaluations as he had already aced the CGC test months earlier – this will be different for EVERYONE so try not to compare your pup to others (this is hard, I know!). Calvin’s biggest challenge is harnessing his extra energy – he was the youngest dog in his class (he was 1.5 yrs old…which for a lab means BABY) and so we were most concerned that he wouldn’t be able to settle quickly enough. We think that his really strong obedience plus making sure to exercise him was the best way to set him up for success. He was able to immediately relax for all his evaluations and blew us away! Again, you know your dog best so you will be able to set them up for success in whatever way works best for them.